English For Specific Purposes (ESP)

Por 13 de junho de 2017Inglês
O mercado internacional demanda cada vez mais dos profissionais em termos de formação, e o aprendizado de línguas não fica de fora do pacote. Como o inglês passou de um diferencial para uma necessidade, quem não possui conhecimento básico da língua acaba correndo o risco de perder muitas oportunidades profissionais (e também acadêmicas) em empresas e instituições, e também chances de crescimento de carreira. Dentro desse cenário, os processos seletivos vêm adicionando novas técnicas para filtrar melhor seus candidatos e funcionários, e o conhecimento de termos específicos pode acabar sendo o diferencial para você ser contratado na sua área. Vamos ver aqui quais os termos que podem ajudar no seu campo profissional, não podendo ficar de fora do seu dicionário.






Public Relations: The practice of creating, promoting or maintaining goodwill and a favorable image among the public towards an institution, public body, etc.
Multipack: A form of packaging of foodstuffs that contains several units and is offered at a price below that of the equivalent number of units.
Win-win Strategy: A collaborative strategy and conflict resolution process that aim to accommodate all participants at the same time.
Market-Test: To put a section of a public-sector enterprise out to tender, often as a prelude to full-scale privatization.
Value Chain: Set of activities that a firm operating in a specific industry performs in order to deliver a valuable product or service for the market.


Finanças / Finance

Take-out: A cash surplus generated by the sale of one block of securities and the purchase of another, e.g. selling a block of bonds at 99 and buying another block at 95. Also, a bid made to a seller of a security that is designed (and generally agreed) to take him out of the market.
Hedging: A strategy designed to reduce investment risk using call options, put options, short selling, or future contracts. A hedge can help lock in existing profits. Its purpose is to reduce the volatility of a portfolio, by reducing the risk of loss.
European-style Option: An option contract that can only be exercised on the expiration date.
Thin Market: A market in which trading volume is low and in which consequently bid and asked quotes are wide and the liquidity of the instrument traded is low.
Payback: The length of time it takes to recover the initial cost of a project, without regard to the time value of money.


IT / Information Technology

ISP: Internet Service Provider; an organization or company that provides Internet connectivity.
Emulation: Refers to the ability of a program or device to imitate another program or device; communications software often include terminal emulation drivers to enable you to log on to a mainframe. There also are programs that enable a Mac to function as a PC.
Router: A device used for connecting two Local Area Networks (LANs); routers can filter packets and forward them according to a specified set of criteria.


RH / Human Resources

Clock In: Register one’s arrival at work.
Job Description: A list of the duties associated with a job. It may also include compensation information and minimum education or experience requirements. A job description is used when a company organization attempts to hire someone. It helps the company find qualified candidates. Likewise, it helps job seekers to find positions they are both willing and able to do.
Collective Bargaining: A process by which an employer negotiates with employees towards an agreement that applies to all employees. That is, collective bargaining is not a negotiation involving individual employees but rather all employees at a company, or at least all who choose to be represented by a trade union.
Labor Union: An organization of workers formed for the purpose of serving the members interests with respect to wages and working conditions.
Picket Line: A line or procession of people picketing a place of employment or otherwise staging a public protest.


Direito / Law

Treasury Shares: Shares that are repurchased by the corporation.
Equity Securities: These represent the ownership rights in a corporation and can be common tock and preferred stock.
Corporation Codes: Statutes that regulate the formation, operation, and dissolution of corporations.
Outstanding Shares: Shares that are in the shareholders hands, whether originally issued or reissued treasury shares. These shares have the right to vote.
Noncumulative Preferred Stock: Stock that is not entitled to payment for missed dividends.
Caso deseje dominar todos os termos e vocábulos do seu campo profissional,saiba desde já que a Auding Idiomas oferece cursos de inglês lecionados por professores tanto nativos quanto brasileiros, com aulas customizadas, dinâmicas e horários flexíveis, de escolha do aluno.


escrito por Diane Cruz.



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